OSRS Farming Training Guide Level 1-99

04.11.2023 - 11:11:02
Game Guides , Runescape

OSRS Farming Training Guide Level 1-99

When people think about OSRS, they think about doing awesome things like slaying dragons, demons, and many other fearsome creatures. What makes the game fantastic though is the ability to make use of many resources outside weapons and magic. That's why some players spend a lot of time perfecting all skills in the game.


If you've been too busy mastering your Attack, Range, and Magic Skill and want a change of pace, you might want to try leveling Farming next. This helpful Skill is one of your pathways to becoming more self-sufficient in the land of Gielinor. Before we talk about training, let's talk about Farming itself first.

What is OSRS Farming?

In OSRS, Farming is a Skill in which you plant seeds and harvest crops. The crops you can grow include vegetables, herbs, hops, and more. The items you get from Farming can then be used as training material for Skills like Herblore and Cooking. Beyond that, a lot of players sell their harvest for a huge profit, making it one of the best ways to get rich in the game.

Unlike other money-making methods, Farming allows you to continue to increase your wealth even if you're logged out as crops grow even after you're no longer playing. That makes Farming well worth training in if you want to maximize your money-earning potential in the game.

How to Farm in OSRS

Farming is as easy as fighting any monster in the game but of course, the mechanics are a lot different. It's not as simple as planting seeds and then letting it grow though. There are a few mechanics that you need to consider beforehand.




Compost can be acquired through various means. You can purchase it from farming shops or create it by filling a compost bin with a total of 15 weeds or other unwanted vegetables. If you want even better results and reduced disease chances, you can use supercompost. To make supercompost, fill the compost bin with higher-level farming produce like pineapples, watermelons, calquats, coconuts, and premium herbs. For the highest-quality compost, ultracompost, you can either add 25 volcanic ashes to a full bin of supercompost or include two volcanic ashes to a bucket of supercompost. Another option is to use the Fertile Soil spell from the Lunar spellbook, which can be cast at any point during the plant's growth cycle to provide the benefits of supercompost.

Obtaining Seeds


Seeds are readily available from various sources. They can be purchased from other players and stalls, obtained through Thieving, or acquired as drops from a wide range of monsters. Lower to intermediate level seeds are typically quite affordable, with prices ranging from 1 to 20 coins each. In contrast, higher-level seeds, such as tree, fruit tree, and especially top-tier herb seeds, can be more expensive due to their rarity and the valuable items they yield upon harvesting.

Growth and Disease

Crops have a predetermined growth period, and when this time elapses, they mature and can be harvested, provided they haven't succumbed to disease during the growth process. Notably, crops continue to grow even when the player is offline, allowing you to plant a seed and return at your convenience. Once fully grown, crops can remain in the patch indefinitely until you choose to harvest them; they do not die after reaching maturity.


However, there is a risk of crops becoming diseased and perishing if left unattended during this stage. Checking and curing diseased crops can be a time-consuming task. To minimize this risk, you can use supercompost or ultracompost. To ensure that your plants reach maturity without being affected by disease, you can hire local gardeners to watch over them.

Gardeners offer their services for a fee, which varies depending on the type of crop you ask them to watch. For instance, protecting a patch of potatoes might cost you two buckets of compost, while safeguarding a patch of onions could require one sack of potatoes. Gardeners also accept your payment items in noted form. It's important to note that gardeners cannot be hired to protect herbs or flowers. When you have reached 50% Hosidius' favor, the allotment, flower, and herb patches in that area will be protected by the local farmer at all times. Additionally, players can unlock two herb patches that are permanently safeguarded from disease, free of charge, by completing My Arm's Big Adventure and Making Friends With My Arm.


Growth Timing


In OSRS, crop growth follows a specific timing pattern based on growth ticks. The timing and duration of these growth stages vary depending on the type of seed. Here is some key information about crop growth:

  1. Discrete Growth Stages: Each crop, whether it's a tree, herb, or other plant, has a set number of discrete growth stages. These stages advance at regular intervals known as growth ticks.
  2. Frequency of Growth: The frequency of growth is determined by the type of seed. For example, some plants have relatively long growth stages, while others have shorter ones. Spirit trees, for instance, have growth stages that last 320 minutes, while hops have stages that last only 10 minutes.
  3. Shortest Growth Stage: The shortest growth stage duration is 5 minutes. This includes activities like flowers blooming, weeds growing, and tree seedlings maturing into saplings.
  4. Offset and Player Variability: There is a slight time offset, which varies for each player and can last through different logins. This offset causes growth ticks to occur up to 30 minutes before the times indicated in the standard pattern.

To find your specific offset, observe when a particular crop (especially a slow-growing one) advances to its next growth stage. Take note of the time it grows and compare it to the next scheduled time in the pattern. The difference you calculate should be applied to all the times listed in the growth pattern.

For example, if a mahogany tree grows at 10:28 AM on Day 1 and the standard pattern indicates a growth tick at 10:40 AM, subtracting 12 minutes from each listed time will help you adjust for your offset.

Here's a table on growth timing to help you out.

Cycle lengthMain cropsBase growth times (GMT, 12-hour)Base growth times (GMT, 24-hour)
5 minutesFlowers, saplingsAll times ending in :00, :05, :10, :15, :20, :25, :30, :35, :40, :45, :50, :55
10 minutesAllotments, hops, Potato cactus, SeaweedAll times ending in :00, :10, :20, :30, :40, :50
20 minutesHerbs, bushesAll times ending in :00, :20, :40
40 minutesTrees, Mushrooms12:00, 12:40, 1:20, 2:00, 2:40, 3:20, 4:00, 4:40, 5:20, 6:00, 6:40, 7:20, 8:00, 8:40, 9:20, 10:00, 10:40, 11:200:00, 0:40, 1:20, 2:00, 2:40, 3:20, 4:00, 4:40, 5:20, 6:00, 6:40, 7:20, 8:00, 8:40, 9:20, 10:00, 10:40, 11:20, 12:00, 12:40, 13:20, 14:00, 14:40, 15:20, 16:00, 16:40, 17:20, 18:00, 18:40, 19:20, 20:00, 20:40, 21:20, 22:00, 22:40, 23:20
80 minutesCactus, crystal12:00, 1:20, 2:40, 4:00, 5:20, 6:40, 8:00, 9:20, 10:400:00, 1:20, 2:40, 4:00, 5:20, 6:40, 8:00, 9:20, 10:40, 12:00, 13:20, 14:40, 16:00, 17:20, 18:40, 20:00, 21:20, 22:40
160 minutesFruit trees, Calquat, Celastrus12:00 AM, 2:40 AM, 5:20 AM, 8:00 AM, 10:40 AM, 1:20 PM, 4:00 PM, 6:40 PM, 9:20 PM0:00, 2:40, 5:20, 8:00, 10:40, 13:20, 16:00, 18:40, 21:20
320 minutesSpirit treeDay 1: 12:00 AM, 5:20 AM, 10:40 AM, 4:00 PM, 9:20 PM
Day 2: 2:40 AM, 8:00 AM, 1:20 PM, 6:40 PM
Day 1: 0:00, 5:20, 10:40, 16:00, 21:20
Day 2: 2:40, 8:00, 13:20, 18:40
640 minutesHardwoods, Redwood, Anima, HesporiDay 1: 12:00 AM, 10:40 AM, 9:20 PM
Day 2: 8:00 AM, 6:40 PM
Day 3: 5:20 AM, 4:00 PM
Day 4: 2:40 AM, 1:20 PM
Day 1: 0:00, 10:40, 21:20
Day 2: 8:00, 18:40
Day 3: 5:20, 16:00
Day 4: 2:40, 13:20

Farming Tools

RakeUsed for getting rid of weeds in a plot.
SpadeThe most useful Farming tool. Used for harvesting crops, clearing away dead plants and removing plant roots and bushes.
Watering can
Gricoller's can
Used for watering plants, which prevents disease during the watered growth cycle. Also used to water tree seedlings.
Gricoller's can hold 1000 uses of water instead of 8.
Seed dibberUsed for planting seeds in a plot.
Gardening trowelUsed to fill plant pots with soil, as well as planting tree seeds in plant pots to grow saplings.
Magic secateurs
Used for cutting away diseased leaves from trees and bushes.
Magic secateurs increase most variable yields when worn or in the inventory.
BasketUsed for storing up to 5 pieces of fruit (Tomatoes, Strawberries, Oranges, Apples, Bananas).
Empty sackUsed for storing up to 10 vegetables (Potatoes, Cabbages, Onions).
Empty plant potMost often leftover after planting a sapling in a tree or fruit tree patch; needs to be refilled before use.
Filled plant potUsed along with a trowel to plant tree seeds, which, when watered, produce tree saplings that may then be planted in patches.
Plant cureCures a diseased plant (other than trees and bushes).

OSRS Farming Training

Training Farming relies mostly on tree runs. This is the best method to use as it gives you passive Farming experience. If you're not actively looking to get Farming to level 99 fast, then this is definitely one of the most efficient ways to train.

Before anything else though, let's talk about doing a few quests first.

Level 1-38: Questing

You can get to level 38 Farming immediately by doing a few quests first. While it does take longer, it's worth doing these quests for the early XP boosts. If you're eyeing to get the Quest Point Cape, then you might as well get the quests done as early as possible. Here are the quests you should do.

  1. Recipe for Disaster - Goblin Generals Subquest
  1. Fairytale I - Growing Pains
  1. Forgettable Tale
  1. The Garden of Death
  1. The Garden of Tranquility
  1. Enlightened Journey
  2. My Arm's Big Adventure

Doing all seven quests will reward you with 32,500 XP among other things. The best reward is that you'll be able to skip a significant amount of low-level Farming which is honestly a drag.

Buy Cheap Runescape Gold and Items

Level 38-99: Tree Runs

The most efficient approach to gaining Farming experience is by incorporating tree, fruit tree, hardwood tree, and special tree saplings (such as calquat, celastrus, crystal, and redwood) into your training routine. Here's how it works: Plant these high-tier saplings, allow the trees to fully grow, then check their health for Farming experience. Pay the farmer to remove the tree, and replant a new one in its place.

Tree runs are a passive training method that offers an exceptionally high experience rate. To put it into perspective, if a tree run takes you 5 minutes and yields 100,000 Farming experience, the effective experience rate would be a whopping 1,200,000 experience per hour. This means that you can complete a run in just 5 minutes and let the trees grow while you focus on other activities or skills.

Although you can only perform 1 or 2 tree runs per day, the cumulative experience gained over time significantly outpaces more time-intensive methods, like farming allotments. Tree runs should be your top priority for Farming training, and you should consider active training methods only when Farming is your last skill to reach level 99. With consistent tree runs, achieving level 99 Farming should take no more than 3-4 months.

How To Do It


When training Farming, it's generally recommended to pay the farmer to chop down the trees for replanting. This is a faster method compared to chopping the tree yourself, and the cost is relatively low. However, there are some exceptions to this rule. Celastrus trees, for instance, yield valuable barks, so some players may opt to spend extra time collecting them.

In most cases, it's best to have the farmer look after your trees to ensure they don't die, and you're guaranteed to receive the Farming experience when checking the tree's health. While certain payments to farmers can be expensive, it may be worthwhile to use ultracompost on the patch as an alternative to reduce the chance of disease. This can save money depending on the tree and payment, but it's slightly slower overall because there's still a chance the tree will die, resulting in wasted time with no experience gained. The Resurrect Crops Arceuus spell can also help reduce the number of trees lost to disease. The tree patch in Falador Park is immune to disease after completing the elite tasks in the Falador Diary.

You can save time by buying saplings from the Grand Exchange, but growing saplings yourself can save money. To grow saplings, use a tree seed on a filled plant pot while having a gardening trowel in your inventory. Water the seedlings with a watering can and wait for them to grow into saplings. Saplings continue to grow while stored in the bank, so you don't need to keep them in your inventory. If you have level 68 Magic and have completed Dream Mentor, you can use the Humidify spell to water the seedlings faster.

Farming regular trees tends to be more expensive compared to other options. If you're not in a hurry to level up Farming, it's advisable to focus on farming fruit trees, hardwood trees, and special trees for a more cost-effective experience. Depending on the current prices, it might also be worthwhile to consider growing palm trees instead of dragon fruit trees at higher levels. Dragon Fruit trees cost around 11.27 coins per experience, while palm trees would only cost about 4.53 coins per experience, including protection payments.

Note: Keep in mind that you cannot un-note saplings at a tool leprechaun. If you don't have enough space to hold all the trees for your run, consider incorporating a bank stop to resupply.


If you want an efficient route to a tree run, follow these steps:

  1. Falador Park Tree Patch: Teleport to Falador Park using the ring of wealth. Check the health of the tree in the park and replant it.
  2. Taverley Tree Patch: Teleport to Taverley or run north from Falador to the tree patch. Check the health of the tree and replant it.
  3. Lumbridge Tree Patch: Teleport to Lumbridge, exit the city by going west through the Lumbridge Castle walls, and head a bit north to the tree patch. Check the health of the tree and replant it.
  4. Varrock Tree Patch: Teleport to Varrock, run north, and then north-east to the tree patch. Check the health of the tree and replant it.
  5. Stronghold Cave Tree Patch: Use your Slayer Ring to teleport to the Stronghold Cave. Check the health of the tree and replant it.
  6. Spirit Tree Northeast of Stronghold Cave: Run to the Spirit Tree just northeast of the Stronghold Cave. Check the health of the fruit tree just east of it and replant it.
  7. Tree Gnome Village Fruit Tree Patch: Use the Spirit Tree to teleport to Tree Gnome Village. Head to the south-west corner of the fence and squeeze through the entrance. Click on Elkoy to follow him through the maze, and then go a bit south-west to the fruit tree patch. Check the health of the fruit tree and replant it.
  8. Catherby Fruit Tree Patch: Teleport to Catherby and run east to the fruit tree patch near the fishing spots. Check the health of the fruit tree and replant it.
  9. Brimhaven Fruit Tree Patch: Head to the Brimhaven fruit tree patch by either using a house teleport to Brimhaven and running north or taking the Charter ship from the Catherby Docks to Brimhaven (for 480 coins). Another option is to teleport to Karamja with a charged amulet of glory and run westward.
  10. Fossil Island Hardwood Tree Patches: Teleport to the Digsite using a digsite pendant or Digsite teleport. Head to the barge, quick-travel to Fossil Island, and run to the hardwood tree patches located slightly to the north. Check the health of the hardwood trees and replant them.

By following this route, you can efficiently manage your tree and fruit tree patches, ensuring that you consistently receive experience and resources from these farming activities.

Recommended Stats And Quests


  1. Tree Gnome Village and The Grand Tree: These quests grant you access to spirit trees for convenient transportation.
  2. Bone Voyage: This quest provides access to three hardwood patches on Fossil Island, which are essential for Farming experience.
  3. Plague City: Completing this quest gives you access to the Ardougne Teleport or Teleport to House (to Rimmington) for quicker access to Brimhaven via Captain Barnaby. This is useful if you don't have access to redirection scrolls or your player-owned house isn't in Brimhaven.
  4. Tai Bwo Wannai Trio: This quest allows you to use Tai Bwo Wannai teleport scrolls, making it easier to access the calquat patch.
  5. Alternatively, start Fairytale II - Cure a Queen: This quest grants access to fairy rings, which can be used for transportation.
  6. Started Mourning's End Part I: This quest gives you access to the fruit tree patch in Lletya and teleport crystals.
  7. Song of the Elves: Completing this quest provides access to the crystal tree patch, which offers high Farming experience.


  1. Construction 40: You need a Construction level of 40 to move your player-owned house to Brimhaven, making tree runs more efficient.
  2. Magic 40: This Magic level is required for casting teleportation spells, although you can use teleport tablets as an alternative.

Tree Chart


Farming LevelSeedPaymentGrowth timeXPTotal costGP/XP
15Acorn1 basket of tomatoes3hr20m (5x40 min)14467.3481.3-562-1.17
30Willow1 basket of apples4hr00m (6x40 min)251,456.51,481.5-892-0.60
45Maple1 basket of Oranges5hr20m (8x40 min)453,403.43,448.4-8,238-2.39
60Yew10 cactus spines6hr40m (10x40 min)817,069.97,150.9-35,680-4.99
75Magic25 coconuts8hr00m (12x40 min)145.513,768.313,913.8-122,110-8.78

Fruit Trees

Farming LevelSeedPaymentGrowth timeXPTotal costGP/XP
PlantCheckHarvestingTotalNo harvestHarvestNo harvestHarvest
27Apple9 sweetcorns16hr (6x160 min)221,199.5511,272.5-816-444-0.67-0.35
33Banana4 baskets of apples16hr (6x160 min)281,750.5631,841.5-2,777-2,225-1.56-1.21
39Orange3 baskets of strawberries16hr (6x160 min)35.52,470.2812,586.7-2,041-1,447-0.81-0.56
42Curry5 baskets of bananas16hr (6x160 min)402,906.9903,036.9-4,443-4,383-1.51-1.44
51Pineapple10 watermelons16hr (6x160 min)574,605.71294,791.7-4601,742-0.100.36
57Papaya10 pineapples16hr (6x160 min)726,146.41626,380.4-4,3235,817-0.700.91
68Palm tree15 papaya fruit16hr (6x160 min)110.510,150.124910,509.6-46,360-31,906-4.52-3.04
81Dragonfruit15 Coconut16hr (6x160 min)14017,33535017,825-200,963-194,783-11.50-10.93

Hardwood Tree

Farming LevelSeedPaymentGrowth timeXPTotal costGP/XP
35Teak15 Limpwurt roots74hr40m (7x640 min)357,2907,325-4,605-0.63
55Mahogany25 Yanillian hops85hr20m (8x640 min)6315,72015,783-32,842-2.08

Special Tree Table

Farming LevelSeedPaymentGrowth timeXPTotal costGP/XP
72Calquat8 poison ivy berries21hr20m (8x160 min)129.512,09629112,516.5-632-0.05
74Crystal acornN/A8hr00m (6x80 min)12613,240N/A13,366-197,588-14.78
85Celastrus8 Potato cactus13h20m (5x160 min)20414,13070.514,404.5-3,825-0.26
90Redwood6 Dragonfruit106h40m (10x640 min)23022,450N/A22,680-34,686-1.53

Money-Making Using Farming in OSRS

Once you've reached level 99, there are a lot of things you can do with the Farming Skill. Of course, you're probably here because you want to get rich with Farming. There are a few methods to earn money using Farming.

Growing Magic Saplings

  • Potential Profit: 569,000/10 minutes.

This is one of the easiest ways to make money with saplings. Follow these steps.

  1. Buy Magic Seeds: Acquire magic seeds from the Grand Exchange. Note that magic seeds have a relatively low buying limit, so you may want to stock up on them beforehand.
  2. Fill Plant Pots: To start planting the seeds, use a magic seed on a filled plant pot with a gardening trowel in your inventory. This process will create a seedling.
  3. Water the Seedlings: When all the plant pots are filled with magic seeds and turned into seedlings, cast the Humidify spell to water them. This will expedite the growth process. Watering them this way takes about five minutes to turn them into saplings. The process will continue even when you bank them.
  4. Repeating the Process: Repeating this process quickly will allow you to make around 1,700 saplings per hour.
  5. Alternative Watering Method: Instead of using Humidify, you can water the saplings with watering cans, but this is more click-intensive and time-consuming.
  6. Sell on the Grand Exchange: Once you've finished creating the saplings, sell them on the Grand Exchange. To maximize your profit, buy one sapling instantly, and then sell the rest for slightly less than that price.

It's essential to keep in mind that growing magic saplings or other seeds for profit may have relatively small margins, and the Grand Exchange tax can eat into your profits. Therefore, consider using various seeds and overnight trading to optimize your profits.

You can also do the same for palm saplings. While the yield is smaller, the requirement level for farming them is much lower.

Farming Various Herbs

  • Potential Profit: 88,000-259,000/6 mins.

Farming herbs is a profitable way to spend a few minutes at a time in OSRS. Here's a guide on how to do it effectively:


Magic secateurs (recommended for a 10% boost to crop yield).

Herb seeds (as high as your current Farming level permits you.

Runes for teleportation.


  1. Start your herb run at any herb patch. Make sure you have any additional supplies needed, and withdraw them from the tool leprechaun at each patch.
  2. Use a teleportation method to move between herb patches quickly.
  3. At each herb patch, check the health of the crop, harvest the grimy ranarr weed, and replant the seed.
  4. If you have access to the Lunar Spellbook from Lunar Diplomacy, you can use the Fertile Soil spell (83 Magic) instead of Ultracompost. This will increase the profit per patch to 28,001 coins. It's a viable option if you prefer using the Lunar Spellbook.

To increase your profits further, consider the following:

  • Attune an Amulet of Nature to one of your herb patches to check the growth status.
  • Use the Geomancy spell to monitor the health of your patches.
  • Plant Anima plants like Iasor, Kronos, or Attas (76 Farming required) to reduce disease rates, decrease crop growth time, or increase yield, respectively.
  • If you've completed Dream Mentor and have 83 Magic (or can boost to it), you can use Fertile Soil. This spell can save you some inventory space and make the process more efficient. However, it's more expensive than Ultracompost. Using Fertile Soil can be more profitable if it helps reduce your overall run time.

After planting in each patch, move on to the next one. You can choose the order in which you visit the patches based on your preferences and the teleportation methods you have available.

You can do this for various herbs depending on your level.

Start A Bountiful Harvest

Farming might not be as cool as the Attack, Range, or Magic Skill tree in OSRS but that doesn't make it any less important. In fact, this might just be one of the most important Skills out there as it can make you rich in the lands of Gielinor pretty quickly. Hopefully, this guide makes that training journey a lot easier.

Relevant Products

Share this content:

You must be logged in to add a comment

Click here to log in

Add a comment